All black suit and white tie

Jacket Model and Style

The Rules:
jackets can be single- or double-breasted
one button is traditional for single-breasted models but two buttons are becoming acceptable

Two-Button Single-Breasted

The single-breasted model remains the most popular type of tuxedo jacket and its classic one-button interpretation is still the most formal.  A modern variation is the two-button version based on business suit styling.  When constructed with traditional detailing and paired with conventional accessories it can be fairly successful at mimicking the classic dinner jacket.  Conversely, dressing it down with notched lapels (the most common lapel on two-button models), flap pockets, a long tie and exposed waist will draw attention to the style's pedestrian pedigree. 

The rule for fastening the bottom button of contemporary dinner jackets is the same as for standard suit jackets: leave it undone.  


Three-Button Single-Breasted


This turn-of-the-millennium fad is a great way to ruin a tuxedo.  See for all the morbid details.

Six-Button Double-Breasted

Four buttons is the classic standard for double-breasted jackets but the six-button variation has been the contemporary standard since the 1980s.  The buttons can be arranged in informalwear’s traditional keystone pattern (the top pair further apart than the other pairs) usually fastening with the middle and/or bottom buttons, or in a trapezoid pattern (converging vertical rows) first popularized in the eighties and always buttoning at the bottom.  Most often paired with a peaked lapel, the double-breasted model remains an essentially classic look, albeit slightly busier than its four-button predecessor.

Two-Button Double-Breasted

The two-button double-breasted dinner jacket has made sporadic appearances ever since the 1920s.  It provides much the same look as six- or four-button models that close with the bottom button but without the extra clutter of those more traditional choices.

Notched Lapel

The Rules:

shawl and peaked lapels are the most traditional

notched lapel is most popular

The notch lapel gained widespread popularity in the 1980s and is now the most common option on (single-breasted) dinner jackets.  It has been endorsed by reputable dressers such as George Clooney and Prince Philip and is offered by some of the most conservative menswear designers including the esteemed Brooks Brothers. Despite all this, it is incongruous with evening wear.

Unlike the peak lapel which imports the tailcoat’s formality and the shawl collar which channels the smoking jacket’s relaxed elegance, the notch lapel originated on the common day suit and brings nothing to the dinner jacket but a functional banality.  In fact, it is this very blandness that makes the notch so appealing to inexperienced young men as a 2008 GQ endorsement of the lapel inadvertently reveals: “When in doubt, go with a notch lapel.  Less of a statement than a shawl or a peak, it essentially mimics a conventional suit jacket and looks right on just about anyone.”  In other words, if you are unfamiliar with proper formal wear and too timid to try it out then this tepid alternative will keep you in your comfort zone.  Advice such as this fosters the mistaken impression among young men that a tuxedo is simply a black suit with shiny lapels and explains why the notch is so often found on two-button jackets and paired with an ordinary style of necktie.   

The notch lapel’s aesthetics don’t fare much better especially in light of their pronounced effect thanks to their shiny facing.  Whereas the peak lapel creates an unbroken line that sweeps the eye up from the jacket’s narrow waist to its broad shoulders, the notch interrupts that line and leaves the eye stranded at mid-chest.  Worse still, on wide lapels it draws the eye down towards the side, suggesting stooped shoulders.

Jacket Fabric

The Rules:

black wool is the norm

midnight blue is equally correct

To paraphrase Henry Ford, contemporary dinner suits are acceptable in any color you want as long as it’s black.  While rental shops offer all-white tuxedos as well as jackets of various other hues, they are the exclusive domain of weddings and proms and are very rarely seen at grown-up functions.  The same goes for patterned suits, even if the pattern is black-on-black.

High-end suit designers have been offering wool and cashmere blends since the 1980s and mohair blends since the ‘50s, both of which are soigné enough to honor black tie's basic principles.  Even classicist Alan Flusser advocates the dulled sheen of baby mohair and fine worsted wool as “one of the few tasteful exceptions to the rule that normally consigns shiny clothes to the parvenu side of the tracks."

Jacket Finishes

Fancy Trimming

The Rules: lapels have satin or grosgrain facings

Lapels are typically faced entirely in silk but there is a legitimate precedent for some swank variations.  When facings first began appearing on tailcoats in the nineteenth century, they would often extend only as far as the buttonhole so that they were framed by a band of the coat’s material.  This style remained a legitimate option for full dress up until the 1930s.  Fancy lapels returned to formal wear in the 1960s but this time on dinner jackets instead of tailcoats and with a reversed pattern: only the edges were trimmed in silk while the rest of the lapels were self-faced.  This flourish was a very popular trend until the return of social and sartorial conservatism in the mid seventies.

Today both the self-trim and silk-trim lapels can once again be found on fashion-forward tuxedos.  The velvet lapel variation of the also continues to pop up from time to time as do the faced sleeve cuffs of that era.  Provided that all of these alternatives are executed in a black-on-black motif they will remain sound options for a man seeking to add personal style while remaining true to black tie’s fundamental principles.

Flap Pockets

The Rules: pockets should not have flaps


Flap pockets are appearing on dinner jackets offered by even the most traditional designers today.  Just as with the notched lapel, this style of pocket denigrates the formal suit to the level of a common business suit.  Fortunately, the edges of these pockets are usually besomed which means that the flap can be tucked in or removed altogether in order to create the more formal look deserving of a dinner jacket. 


Contemporary Trousers

The Rules:

same material as jacket

single braid along outside seams to match lapel facings

cut for suspenders (braces)

no cuffs (turnups)

The popularity of pleats comes and goes with the popularity of fuller trouser cuts.  Currently the vogue is for fitted suits which means that flat-front trousers are the favored style.  Ultimately this issue is a matter of comfort and personal preference and does not impact a dinner suit’s formality.  See for further information.

Modern designer trousers also often feature waistbands finished in satin and intended to eliminate the need for a cummerbund or vest.  Rather than enhancing the elegance of black tie this innovation is more like "a formal version of the Sansabelt," as GQ once stated, "and another dour nod to the age of convenience."  The pitfalls of forgoing a traditional waist covering are discussed on the following page.



The 2-button dinner jacket is a sartorial mutt: part tuxedo, part business suit.

This 6-on-2 style (6 buttons, 2 rows to fasten) features a classic keystone button pattern.  6-on-1 styles create longer lapel lines.











The pedestrian impact of notched lapels is minimized by keeping the rest of the outfit traditional.



















Detail of a wool and mohair dinner suit.  











Self-trimmed lapels on an Oscar de la Renta tuxedo.







   A flap pocket is a busy distraction better suited to a sports coat. 




Brooks Brothers flat front trousers with finished waistband.

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